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Solana

Solana is a blockchain protocol designed to deliver scale and speed, enabling developers to create decentralized applications.

It can scale up to 7,500 transactions per second in a proof-of-stake consensus algorithm operating on its own multi-homed virtual machine.

The protocol builds on years of distributed systems research and is backed by some of the most influential venture capital firms in the blockchain space. Solana's core purpose is to provide developers with all they need—tools, education, and resources—to quickly build, deploy and grow applications at speed and scale.

Belwo you'll find a couple of the most popular dApps on the Solana blockchain.

No. of Nodes:
1900
Type of chain:
Layer 1
Consensus mechanism:

Proof-of-history

Pros

  • Solana is Fast
  • Capable of confirming up to 650,000 transactions per second
  • Low Fees
  • Energy Efficient

Cons

  • Can be flooded by spam transactions
  • Mainnet reached full capacity shortly after launch
  • High gas fees
  • Users need to solely trust Solana Labs developers while using Solana

Features

  • Real-time streaming of events
  • Scalable Network Technology
  • Built-in support for Javascript, Rust, Python, and C languages.
  • SPARC protocol ensures all transactions are completed successfully or not at all.
  • Built-In Packaging Validation
  • Hardware Acceleration

User review highlights

Popular dApps on

Solana

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Alchemy

Alchemy
Supported chains
Description:
Alchemy offers various development tools to help build Web3 dApps.
Pros:
  • Multiple tools
  • Tried and tested by many
  • Industry leading name
Cons
  • Still very technical

Argos.id

Argos.id
Description:
Argos.id helps make unhosted wallets KYC compliant
Pros:
  • Streamlines KYC process when using more than 1 platform
Cons
  • Argos ID does not yet conduct full KYC checks themselves

Dispatch

Dispatch
Supported chains
Description:
Dispatch is a messaging app for Web3, it allows projects to mint and send messages to known wallet addresses.
Pros:
  • Prices are reasonable for small commuities
  • Makes comms easy
Cons
  • Prices can stacxk up for larger communities

Hardal

Hardal
Supported chains
Description:
Hardal is a privacy-focused, cookieless and easy-to-use Web&UX analytics tool optimized for web2 and web3.
Pros:
  • Cookieless
  • Lightweight
  • Easy-to-use
  • Next-Gen
Cons
Description:
Poof offers a speedy web3 infrastructure for crypto and fiat money movement.
Pros:
  • Fiat and Crypto payments
Cons
  • Not for complete newbies

Rarible

Rarible
Description:
A marketplace for non-fungible token creators, sellers, and buyers meet to conduct business.
Pros:
  • Allows users not only buy and sell, but create NFTs
  • Rarible allows users  to change the price of an already created collectible at any time you wish for free.
Cons
  • Some users have reported issues with veifications

Tap Fantasy

Tap Fantasy
Supported chains
Description:
Tap Fantasy is an MMORPG building the biggest play2earn on Solana and BSC. It’s the metaverse version of the famous TapTap Fantasy with over 20 million users.
Pros:
Cons

User reviews of

Solana

What is Solana

Solana is a public blockchain platform that was created to address the scalability issues associated with Ethereum.

Developed by Anatoly Yakovenko in 2017, Solana uses an impressive hybrid consensus mechanism and a built-in decentralized clock mechanism for timestamping transactions.

The hybrid consensus system combines proof of history (PoH) and proof of stake (PoS).

Solana’s native token, SOL, is the primary medium of exchange within its network.

With SOL tokens users can pay fees when using any app or service on their platform.

As an incentive for individuals to staking their coins and running the network, they receive a reward in SOL tokens when transactions are validated properly according to the PoS protocol.

Any user who holds over 1000 SOL will be able to run a validator node on the network, thus giving them even greater rewards.

Best Solana dApps

 Solana's dapps cross multiple different industries and use cases within Web3.  As such, it's really hard to say "this one is the best" It all depends on your use cases. 

With that being said, you can filter and find the Solana dApp that best fits your needs from the list above.  

If you don't have time, here are a few of the most popular dApps and projects that support Solana.  

1.  Raydium

Solana based DEX

Raydium homepage

Raydium is a non-custodial decentralized exchange (DEX) built on the Solana blockchain.

At its core, it allows users to trade digital assets quickly without the need for a middleman or third party. It provides low transaction costs and a high level of privacy in addition to its superior trading speed; this ensures that all participants can enjoy safe and secure trading sessions.

Additionally, Raydium offers innovative features such as high-liquidity launch pads and audits that further bolster its appeal with DeFi investors.

What helps set Raydium apart from other DEXs is its ability to handle high amounts of traffic with its incredibly fast performance capabilities.

On top of this, it can provide cross-chain liquidity via project collaboration with the likes of Serum, allowing users to trade between BTC and ETH while also allowing trustless bridges between them.

All combined, Raydium offers an upscale service suitable for almost any type of DeFi investor's needs; whether you're looking for cross-chain liquidity options or access to high-value launch pads, there's something available from Raydium for everyone.

2. Magic Eden

Cross-chain NFT Platform

Magi eden solana app home page

Magic Eden is an NFT marketplace designed to make buying and selling digital assets both efficient and cost-effective.

Created on the Solana blockchain, Magic Eden provides users with a 0% listing fee and 2% transaction fee, giving them significantly better value than most other similar services.

This makes it a great choice for those looking to buy or sell their NFTs without breaking the bank.

Magic Eden's impressive range of features don't just extend to its financial advantages.

With this platform, users can transact both cross-chain and on-chain, so they can purchase collectibles from a plethora of different blockchains within one convenient location.

This level of convenience makes Magic Eden an excellent option when it comes to finding truly unique items in the worldwide crypto market.

Whether you're looking for rare artworks or game characters, Magic Eden has something for everyone.

3. Solajump

Play to earn game

Solajump Solana game home page

SolaJump is a crypto collectible game that allows you to earn crypto by playing.

By combining the excitement of digital gaming with the innovative technology of blockchain, SolaJump offers an unparalleled experience that allows users to take home their very own digital NFT collection – one that is entirely theirs and theirs alone.

Using its built-in authentication system, each NFT in the game is equally valuable, yet holds its own individual history and story to tell.

That’s not all – what’s even more captivating about SolaJump is that it pays you in crypto for playing! Participants have the chance to win exciting prizes as they level up their collections with this one-of-a-kind blockchain game.

4. Audius

Music streaming platform on Solana

Audius streaming music site homepage

Audius is a music streaming platform built on top of Solana.

It is designed to provide users with an experience that is much better than legacy services, allowing them to stream and upload content without dealing with middlemen.

With the launch of Audius came a new a way for artists to monetize their work through token rewards from fans and direct payments, giving them more ownership and control over their works.

Its mission is to empower musicians around the world by making artist-powered music streaming accessible and affordable while decreasing reliance on industry intermediaries.

To incentivize use, Audius provides additional functionality such as premium service offerings, decentralized audio ads and artist promotions. 

5. Grape Protocol

Solana social media network

Grape protocol home page

Grape Protocol is a social networking platform designed to give users comprehensive control over their accounts.

By using a dynamic balance-based membership solution, the platform allows users to manage their access permissions and rights based on the amount of tokens they have in their wallets.

To join the exclusive private testnet community, users must have at least 30 SOL (the Solana blockchain’s native token) stored in a personal wallet. This makes Grape Protocol one of the first applications to be built on the Solana blockchain.

The Solana blockchain technology furnishes Grape Protocol with a fast transaction processing capacity, seamless scalability and assure decentralization. These features are very desirable for users that want to remain in complete control of their data and account ownership. 

Solana pros

  1. Solana is Fast - transactions are processed in 500ms compared to Bitcoin 15 minutes and Ethereum 12 seconds.
  2. Solana is Scalable - it's capable of confirming up to 650,000 transactions per second (TPS) and up to 710 million daily active users.
  3. Low Fees - the cost of using Solana is much lower than other blockchains; fees average around 1/100th – 1/1000th of those on other platforms such as Ethereum or Bitcoin.
  4. Energy Efficient - its Proof-of-Stake consensus model uses a fraction of the energy needed by PoW models like Bitcoin, making it more environmentally friendly.
  5. Developed by Top Talent - its founders include veterans from Google, Facebook and Qualcomm, who bring experience in distributed systems, scalability and security along with a track record of successful products developed within large teams operating in corporate environments.

Solana cons

  1. Solana’s network can be flooded by spam transactions and lead to congested blocks.
  2. The mainnet of the Solana blockchain reached full capacity shortly after its launch, making it impossible for new nodes to join the network.
  3. High gas fees are experienced with the use of Solana blockchain causing a hindrance in transaction speed.
  4. As only native tokens can be used in this system, issues with scalability might arise if additional tokens are introduced in the network.
  5. Potential security risks since users need to solely trust Solana Labs developers while using the Solana blockchain as there is no mechanism such as staking or mining rewards that can encourage participation from other entities within the network. 

Solana features

  1. Streamer: Solana enables real-time streaming of events and data across the network.
  2. Scalable Network Technology: Solana's proof-of-stake consensus algorithm ensures high scalability while maintaining network security and decentralization.
  3. Customizable Applications: Developers can create custom tokens, dApps, and smart contracts on the Solana blockchain with built-in support for Javascript, Rust, Python, and C languages.
  4. SPARC Protocol: The SPARC protocol ensures that all operations within a blockchain transaction are completed successfully or not at all.
  5. Built-In Packaging Validation: Solana packages transactions into valid blocks before they reach the network to ensure they are validated properly every time they are added to the ledger.
  6. Hardware Acceleration: Node operators can use specialized hardware to speed up the validation process and increase throughput without sacrificing security or decentralization.

Solana fees

While the average fee on Solana is $0.00025 per exchange, this may be higher or lower depending on the amount of congestion on the platform at any given time.

Fees help secure the Solana protocol by securing the blocks through staking.

Staked nodes can charge additional network fees, which serves as an additional financial incentive for stakers to remain active participants in the network. In addition, fees are also used to cover operational expenses related to node maintenance and security upgrades to ensure that significant funds are allocated towards keeping the Solana chain safe and secure.

Other chains to explore